Instrumentation Start

Instructor: Farzad Lotfi
Course Duration: ∼90 Hours Recorded Class Lectures
Quality: Full HD (1920×1080)
Ask your questions: Directly from “Farzad”
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Certificate: Certificate of Completion
Value: $5000+
Price: CA$1450   CA$575

Table of Content:

Non-Metallic Material (PTFE, GRP, PE, etc.)
Metallic Material (Carbon Steel, Stainless Steel, Monel, Inconel, etc.)
Power Supply
Related Pictures and Videos

Pressure Measuring
Pressure Gauge
Design a proper Pressure Gauge
Socket Material
Window (Safety Glass)
How to calibrate a Pressure Gauge
Dead Weight Tester
Range (Pressure Gauge)
Solid Front Gauges
Accessories of a Pressure Gauge
2-way Valve Manifold
Diaphragm Seal
Cooling Element
Pulsation Damper
Over range Protector
Element (Sensors) for a pressure Gauge
Bourdon Tube Sensors
Pressure Measurement Methods
Pressure Gauge & Calibration Devices
Capsule Pressure Gauge
Pressure Transmitters
HART Protocol
How to calibrate a Pressure Transmitter
Pressure Transmitter Measuring sensors
Accessories of a Pressure Transmitter
Related Pictures and Videos
Datasheet of Pressure instruments
Pressure Practical Workshop

Temperature Gauge
Bi-metal sensor
Design of a Temperature Gauge
Installation on an Elbow
Thermowell shapes
Based on different types of construction
Based on different types of shank
Suitable Material for construction
How to choose and design a proper Thermowell
Temperature Transmitters with Local indicator (Receiver)
Crucial parameters to choose and design a Temperature Transmitter
Temperature Transmitter Elements
PTC / NTC sensors
Measuring Range of sensors
H.J and C.J Connections
Cold Junction Compensation (CJC)
Thermocouple Cables
Single and Dual sensors
Signal rate in Case of Failure (Burnout protection)
How to calibrate a temperature sensor
Reference Instrument
Problems in installation
Ungrounded/Grounded/Exposed Thermocouple
Related Pictures and Videos
Data sheet for Temperature Instruments
Temperature Practical Workshop

Basic Concepts
Theory of flow
Volumetric and Mass flow
Reynolds number
Turn Down Ratio (Rangeability)
Different flow profiles
Normalized flow
How to calculate flow based on velocity and differential pressure
Specific Gravity
Venturi Tube
Orifice Plate
Upstream and Downstream length for flow elements installation
Flow Nozzle
Pitot Tube
Target Meter
Turbine Flowmeter
Magnetic Type Flowmeter
Ultrasonic Flowmeter (Time Transit and Doppler)
Clamp-on & In-line ultrasonic flowmeters
Vortex Flowmeter
Variable Area Flowmeter (Rotameter)
Proximity Switch
Reed Switch
Mass Flowmeter (Coriolis)
Thermal Mass Flowmeter
Positive Displacement
Metering System (Custody Transferring system)
Flow Compensation
Level of stability in Metering system
Compare Different Types of Flowmeters
Related Pictures and Videos
Datasheet of flow instruments
Calculation of an orifice plate with software according to ISO5167
Flow Practical workshop

Level Measurement
Related Standards
Servo Type Level Gauge
Sight Glass (Level Gauge)
Usage of a stand – pipe
Different types of sight glasses
How to design a level gauge on a Drum (Vessel)
Hydrostatic pressure
Bubble Type
Differential Pressure Transmitter
Wet Leg and Dry Leg
Condensate Pot (Steam Trap)
How to calibrate a D/P Level Transmitter
Zero & Span
Displacer Level meter
Archimedes Buoyancy Rule
Practical example (3-phase separator)
How to calibrate a Displacer Level Transmitter
Capacitive Level meter
Ultrasonic Level Transmitter
Blocking Distance (Blind Zone)
Radar Level Transmitter
Antenna Shapes of Radar
FMCW / Pulse Radar
Nuclear Level meter
Servo Type Level Meter (Transmitter)
Tank Gauging System
Level Switches
Bi-morph Drive
Stack drive
Electrical Contacts
Related Pictures and Videos
Data Sheet of Level Gauge
Data Sheet for Ultrasonic Level transmitter
Level Practical Workshop

Designing of hook-up drawings
Introducing different types of connectors, couplings, fittings (Plug, Nipple, Reducer, Swage, Valve, Tee, Elbow, Tube, Union, etc.)
Different standards of thread connections
Hook-up & Installation
Hook-up for Pressure gauge
Hook-up for pressure Transmitter
Hook-up for Differential Pressure Transmitter

P & ID
Symbols and Legends
Line Class (PMS)
Pump Equipment
Close and Open Loops
Logics and Interlocks
Electrical and Pneumatic Signals
ESD/DCS Signals
Survey a Project P&ID according to ISA S5.1

Industrial Valves
Control Valve in a P&ID
Fail Explanation
Control Valve Different Signals
LCP/Pneumatic Panel
Control Valve different types
Control Valves Standards
Control Valve Definitions
Valve Coefficient (Cv)
Half Stroke Time
Stroking Time
Severe Services (Cavitation, Flashing, Chocked flow, noise)
Low Recovery & High Recovery Valves
Globe Valve
Globe Valve different parts (internal and external)
Different port shapes
Single & Double Ports
Different seat
Balanced & Unbalanced Plugs
Stellited material
Valve trim
Different Bonnets
Valve Characteristics
Solutions for severe services
Noise treatments
How to design a proper actuator
different types of actuators
Single / Double acting
Diaphragm Actuators
Piston type Actuators
Motorized Operated valve (MOV)
Solenoid Valve
Air set & Positioner
Different parts of positioner
How to calibrate a positioner
How to install a positioner and actuator on a valve
Different Types of valve in control application
Test & Inspection According to API-598
Test Duration for Backseat Test & body test
Leakage Class According to FCI70-2
Pressure Test
Magnetic Particle Test
Material Certificate
Valve Sizing and Calculation
Tips for Valve Sizing
Regulator Valves
Reducing Regulator
Direct & Pilot Operation
Tank Blanketing System (API2000)
Safety Devices
Compare Control Valve & Regulator Valve
Application of regulator valve in Tank Blanketing System
Shut-off Regulator Valve
Related Pictures and Videos
Data Sheet of Control Valves
Control valve sizing and calculation with software according to ISA75.01.01
Valve Practical Workshop

Different Valves in ON/Off application
Survey an On/Off Valve in P& ID
Solenoid Valve
Stroking time
ON/Off Valves definitions
Ball Valves
Butterfly Valves
Eccentric Disk Valves
Plug Valves
Different types of Seat (Soft & Metal)
Valve Body Types (Integrated/Separated/Welded Body)
Ball Valve Size
Floating Ball Valve
Trunnion Mounted Valve
Valve Limit Switches
Fire Safe Valves
Fire Proof Actuators
Leakage Class
On/Off Valves Actuators
Single Acting and Double Acting Actuators
Anti – Static Devices
API 6D H.5 Anti-static Test
ISO 17299
PST (Partial Stroking Test)
Air set and Local Control Panel
Fully Welded body & Hydrostatic Test (Body test)
LVDT on Valve
Quadrant Ball
Single Piston Effect (DBB) According to API-6D
Double Piston Effect (DIB) According to API-6D
Emergency sealant injection
Related Pictures and Videos
On/Off Valve Practical Workshop

PSV Introduction and Applications
Pressure Safety Valve (PSV) Definitions
PSV in a P & ID Diagram
How to choose the setpoint of a PSV
Superimposed Pressure
Build-up Pressure
Back Pressure
Overpressure (BS 5500)
Different Types of PSV
Conventional Type
Balanced Bellows Type
Pilot Operated Type
Orifice Area Designation According to API-520
Seat Tightness According to API-527
PSV Opening Diagram
PSV Opening Behavior
PSV Accessories
Internal Parts & Accessories
Nozzle / Seat / Disk / Spring
Blow down ring
Rupture Disk
How to calibrate a PSV
Cold Differential Test Pressure
Installation Points
Pilot Operated Performance
Valve Parameters in Calculation
Related Pictures and Videos
Datasheet of a PSV
Calculation and sizing of a PSV with software
PSV Practical Workshop

F&G (Fire & Gas)
Introduction and Applications
F&G Control System (NFPA72 & EN54)
F&G Basic Parameters to Design
ESD Logic
F&G Logic
Safety and Explosion Standards
F&G Devices
Toxic Gas Detector
Hydrogen Gas Detector
Gas Detector Different Types
Catalytic Gas Detector (CGD)
Infrared Gas Detector (IRGD)
Heat Detectors
Fixed Point
Rate of Rise (ROR)
Linear Heat Detector
Flame Detectors
UV & UV/IR Flame Detectors
Smoke Detectors
Heat and Smoke Detector
Addressable vs. Conventional
Sounder & Flasher
Types of Sound
Manual Call Point (MCP)
Double Action MCP
Fire Fighting System (Station) FFS
Redundancy in F&G Control System
SIL Standard
Design F&G devices in a sample project
Survey the cause and effect
Related Pictures and Videos

Junction Box , Cable Glands, Cables, Cable Tray
Introduction and Application of Junction Boxes
How to design and choose a proper JB
JB related standard
JB Material
Cable Wiring and Terminations
Instrument and Power Earth
Earth Cable Wiring
Cable Conductor Cross Section (Area) size
Single Pair and 2-core Cables
Multi Pairs and Cores Cables
Intrinsically Safe (I.S) and Non-intrinsically Safe (NIS) Cables
Cable Color (RAL Standard)
Survey different layers of Instrument & Control cables
Lead Cover
F&G Cable
Fire Resistance Cable (IEC60331)
Flame Retardant Cable (IEC60332)
Cable Megger Test
Different Types of Armors
Cable Glands
Ex and Safe area Glands
Armored and Non-armored Glands
Gland Materials
Gland Connection Types
Cable Trays
Tray Weight test
Related Pictures and Videos

Safety Standards
Hazardous Operational Zone
Explosion Standards
Ex ‘d’ (IEC 60079-1)
Ex ‘i’ (IEC 60079-11)
Ex’e’ (IEC 60079-7)
How to select the proper Ex standard for field instruments
Gas Group Standard
Temperature Group Standard
Ingress Protection (IEC60529)

Calibration Theory
Basic Definitions
Practical example
Ideal Line
Zero Shift Error
Span Error
Zero/Span Adjusting Screw
Linear and Non – Linear Errors
Hysteresis Error
Dead Band
Uncertainty Calculation (ISO17025)

How to Prepare the documents in Instrumentation
Material Requisition
Vendor Data Requirements
Document for Control System
I/O List
Instrument Cable List
Wiring Diagram
Cause & Effect Matrix

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